What are the active ingredients in disinfectant?

What are the active ingredients in disinfectant featured

The Importance of Disinfectants During a Pandemic

With the outbreak of COVID-19, disinfectants have become an essential element in preventing the spread of the virus. They are crucial in maintaining hygiene and minimizing contamination. But, have you ever wondered what makes disinfectants effective in killing germs? Let’s take a closer look at the active ingredients in disinfectant.

The Two Types of Disinfectants

There are two types of disinfectants: those based on alcohol and those based on chemicals. Alcohol-based disinfectants contain isopropyl or ethyl alcohol as their active ingredient, while chemical-based disinfectants contain compounds such as hydrogen peroxide, quaternary ammonium, or sodium hypochlorite.

How Alcohol-Based Disinfectants Work

Alcohol-based disinfectants are considered as one of the most effective disinfectants. They are capable of killing a wide range of bacteria and viruses. The alcohol in the disinfectant attacks the virus or bacteria’s protein structure, disrupting its cellular activity, and eventually destroying its functions. But, it is important to note that alcohol-based disinfectants should contain at least 60% alcohol to be effective.

How Chemical-Based Disinfectants Work

Chemical-based disinfectants are also effective in killing germs. They work by damaging the cell membranes or walls of bacteria and viruses. By doing so, they prevent the cells from functioning, leading to their death. However, it is important to use these disinfectants as directed, as some chemicals can be hazardous when not used properly.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Disinfectant

Choosing the right disinfectant is crucial in ensuring the effectiveness of the product. It is important to read the label and ensure the disinfectant is effective against the specific viruses and bacteria you want to target. Health Canada and the Environmental Protection Agency have provided a list of approved disinfectants that are effective against COVID-19.

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